West Bank: People & Society#

Population2,697,687 (represents Palestinian population only) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 385,900 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
ReligionsMuslim 80-85% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5% (mainly Greek Orthodox), other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1%
note: the proportion of Christians continues to fall mainly as a result of the growth of the Muslim population but also because of migration and the declining birth rate of the Christian population (2012 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 36.91% (male 511,026/female 484,808)
15-24 years: 21.56% (male 297,058/female 284,677)
25-54 years: 33.71% (male 462,201/female 447,200)
55-64 years: 4.35% (male 60,360/female 56,936)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 41,587/female 51,834) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76%
youth dependency ratio: 70.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2%
potential support ratio: 19.2%

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.8 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.86% (2016 est.)
Birth rate26.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-4.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionPalestinian settlements are primarily located in the central to western half of the territory; Jewish colonies are found in pockets throughout, particularly in the northeast, north-central, and around Jerusalem
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75 years
male: 73 years
female: 77.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.33 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.5% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2010)
Physicians density1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.4%
female: 94.5%

note: estimates are for Gaza and West Bank (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years

note: data represent Gaza and West Bank (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 41%
male: 37%
female: 64.7%

note: includes Gaza Strip (2013 est.)