After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.

Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom.

It has been a member of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007.

  • Romania has largest boundary with Bulgaria which is approximately 608 km.
  • Romania has shortest boundary with Ukraine which is approximately 169 km.
  • The largest river in Romania is Danube which is 2850 km.
  • The largest export partner of Romania is Germany.
  • The largest import partner of Romania is Germany.
  • There are 39 seaports in Romania.

Tourist Attraction#

Bran Castle—"Dracula's Castle"—is spectacularly situated in the Transylvanian Alps.

National Facts#

  • The national bird of Romania is Great white pelican.
  • The national sport of Romania is Oină.
  • The national dish of Romania are Mămăligă, Sarmale, Mici etc.

White Pelican, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
White Pelican
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC