As a result of the breakup of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan became an independent nation in 1991. A civil war was fought almost immediately after independence, lasting from 1992 to 1997.

Most of Tajikistan's 8 million people belong to the Tajik ethnic group, who speak Tajik (Persian), although many people also speak Russian.

  • Tajikistan is a land locked country.
  • Tajikistan has largest boundary with Afghanistan which is approximately 1206 km.
  • Tajikistan has shortest boundary with China which is approximately 414 km.
  • The largest river in Tajikistan is Syr Darya which is 3080 km.
  • The largest export partner of Tajikistan is Turkey.
  • The largest import partner of Tajikistan is China.
  • There is 1 seaport in Tajikistan.

Tourist Attraction#

Mountains cover more than 90 percent of this Central Asian republic.

National Facts#

  • The national dish of Tajikistan is O'sh (pilaf).

Pilaf, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tajikistan unter CC