Tanzania: Geography#

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Geographic Coordinates6 00 S, 35 00 E -6.0,35.0
Area total: 947,300 sq km
land: 885,800 sq km
water: 61,500 sq km
note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 947300
DBpedia: 945081
Geoname: 945087
Infoplease: 945087
Britannica: 945249
Wolfram: 947300

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 3,861 km
border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
Coastline1,424 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m (highest point in Africa)
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Kilimanjaro 5895 m; Mawenzi 5149 m; Mount Meru 4566 m; Loolmalasin 3682 m; Ol'donyo Lengai 2896 m
According to Geonames: Kilimanjaro 5895 m; Mawensi 5149 m; Hanang 3417 m; Luhombero 2576 m; Sisaba 2462 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainplains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Natural Hazardsflooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought volcanism: limited volcanic activity; Ol Doinyo Lengai (elev. 2,962 m) has emitted lava in recent years; other historically active volcanoes include Kieyo and Meru
Natural Resourcehydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Land Usearable land: 12.25%
permanent crops: 1.79%
other: 85.96% (2011)
Climatevaries from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Irrigated Land1,843 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources96.27 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDar es Salaam; Mwanza; Zanzibar; Arusha; Mbeya
Important Cities
Geography-noteKilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa and one of only two mountains on the continent that has glaciers (the other is Mount Kenya); bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) in the southwest
Important Lakes