It is the third largest country in Africa.

Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush, Kerma, Nobatia, Alodia, Makuria, Meroƫ and others, most of which flourished along the Nile.

As a result of Christianization, the Old Nubian language stands as the oldest recorded Nilo-Saharan language (earliest records dating to the 9th century).

Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum.

Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and also the third largest country in the Arab world (after Algeria and Saudi Arabia).

  • Sudan has largest boundary with South Sudan which is approximately 2184 km.
  • Sudan has shortest boundary with Central African Republic which is approximately 175 km.
  • The largest river in Sudan is Nile which is 6650 km.
  • The largest export partner of Sudan is UAE.
  • The largest import partner of Sudan is Macau.
  • There are 6 seaports in Sudan.

Tourist Attraction#

The mountain of Gebel Barkal, a UNESCO World Heritage site, has been considered sacred since 1500 B.C.

National Facts#

  • The famous dish of Sudan is Ful medames.
Ful medames, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Ful medames
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC