Holy See (Vatican City): Geography#

LocationSouthern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)
Geographic Coordinates41 54 N, 12 27 E 41.9,12.45
Land boundariestotal: 3.4 km
border countries: Italy 3.4 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: unnamed location 19 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 75 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainurban; low hill
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcenone
Land Usearable land:
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2011)
Climatetemperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)
Irrigated Land0 sq km (2011)
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification
Large Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; enclave in Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; beyond the territorial boundary of Vatican City, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 grants the Holy See extraterritorial authority over 23 sites in Rome and five outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope's summer residence)