Faroe Islands: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: none
conventional short form: Faroe Islands
local long form: none
local short form: Foroyar
etymology: the archipelgo's name may derive from the Old Norse word "faer," meaning sheep
Dependency statuspart of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1948
Government typeparliamentary democracy (Faroese Parliament); part of the Kingdom of Denmark
CapitalTorshavn Torshavn
geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 6 46 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisionsnone (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 30 municipalities
Independencenone (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
National holidayOlaifest (Olavsoka), 29 July
Constitutionhistory: 5 June 1953 (Danish Constitution), 23 March 1948 (Home Rule Act), and 24 June 2005 (Takeover Act) serve as the Faroe Islands constitutional position in the Unity of the Realm
amendments: see entry for Denmark (2016)
Legal systemthe laws of Denmark, where applicable, apply
Citizenshipsee Denmark
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Dan Michael KNUDSEN, chief administrative officer (since 1 January 2008)
head of government: Prime Minister Aksel V. JOHANNESEN (since 15 September 2015)
cabinet: Landsstyri appointed by the prime minister
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually elected prime minister by the Faroese Parliament; election last held on 1 September 2015
election results: Aksel V. JOHANNESEN elected prime minister; Parliament vote - NA
Legislative branchdescription: unicameral Faroese Parliament or Logting (33 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
elections: last held on 1 September 2015 (next to be held no later than October 2019)
election results: percent of vote by party - Social Democratic Party 25.1%, Republic 20.7%, People's Party, 18.9%, Union Party 18.7%, Progressive Party 7.0%, Center Party 5.5%, Self-Government Party 4.1%; seats by party - Social Democratic Party 8, Republic 7, People's Party 6, Union Party 6, Center Party 2, Progressive Party 2, Self-Government Party 2

note: election of 2 seats to the Danish Parliament was last held on 18 June 2015 (next to be held no later than June 2019); percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Social Democratic Party 1, Republic 1
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Faroese Court or Raett (Rett - Danish) decides both civil and criminal cases; the Court is part of the Danish legal system
subordinate courts: Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif; Mixed Commercial Court; Land Court - expected to begin in 2016
Political parties and leadersCenter Party (Midflokkurin) (Jenis av RANA)
Independence (or Self-Govenment) Party (Sjalvstyrisflokkurin) (Jogvan SKORHEIM)
People's Party (Folkaflokkurin) (Jorgen NICLASEN)
Progressive Party (Framsokn) (Poul MICHELSEN)
Republic (Tjodveldi) (formerly the Republican Party) (Hogni HOYDAL)
Social Democratic Party (Javnadarflokkurin) (Aksel V. JOHANNESEN)
Union Party (Sambandsflokkurin) (Bardur a STEIG NIELSEN)
Political pressure groups and leadersother: conservationists
International organization participationArctic Council, IMO (associate), NC, NIB, UNESCO (associate), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the USnone (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
Diplomatic representation from the USnone (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
Flag descriptionwhite with a red cross outlined in blue extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted toward the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); referred to as Merkid, meaning "the banner" or "the mark," the flag resembles those of neighboring Iceland and Norway, and uses the same three colors - but in a different sequence; white represents the clear Faroese sky as well as the foam of the waves; red and blue are traditional Faroese colors
National symbol(s)ram; national colors: red, white, blue
National anthemname: "Mitt alfagra land" (My Fairest Land)
lyrics/music: Simun av SKAROI/Peter ALBERG

note: adopted 1948; the anthem is also known as "Tu alfagra land mitt" (Thou Fairest Land of Mine); as a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark, the Faroe Islands are permitted their own national anthem