San Marino: Geography#

LocationSouthern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic Coordinates43 46 N, 12 25 E 43.766666,12.416667
Area total: 61 sq km
land: 61 sq km
water: 0 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainrugged mountains
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcebuilding stone
Land Usearable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2011)
ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution; urbanization decreasing rural farmlands
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Large CitiesSerravalle; Borgo Maggiore; City of San Marino; Domagnano; Fiorentino
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines