Luxembourg: Geography#

LocationWestern Europe, between France and Germany
Geographic Coordinates49 45 N, 6 10 E 49.75,6.1666665
Area total: 2,586 sq km
land: 2,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 359 km
border countries: Belgium 148 km, France 73 km, Germany 138 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Moselle River 133 m
highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourceiron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
Land Usearable land: 23.9%
permanent crops: 0.58%
other: 75.52% (includes Belgium) (2011)
Climatemodified continental with mild winters, cool summers
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water Resources3.1 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair and water pollution in urban areas, soil pollution of farmland
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Large CitiesLuxemburg; Esch-Alzette; Dudelange; Schifflange; Bettembourg
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; the only Grand Duchy in the world