Italy: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (20)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
Daniel BovetMedicine1957"for his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles"
Mario R. CapecchiMedicine2007"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Giosuè CarducciLiterature1906"not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"
Grazia DeleddaLiterature1926"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"
Renato DulbeccoMedicine1975"for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
Enrico FermiPhysics1938"for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"
Dario FoLiterature1997"who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"
Riccardo GiacconiPhysics2002"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"
Camillo GolgiMedicine1906"in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system"
Rita Levi-MontalciniMedicine1986"for their discoveries of growth factors"
Salvador E. LuriaMedicine1969"for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
Guglielmo MarconiPhysics1909"in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"
Franco ModiglianiEconomics1985"for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"
Ernesto Teodoro MonetaPeace1907
Eugenio MontaleLiterature1975"for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"
Giulio NattaChemistry1963"for their discoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers"
Giorgio ParisiPhysics2021"for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."
Luigi PirandelloLiterature1934"for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"
Salvatore QuasimodoLiterature1959"for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"
Carlo RubbiaPhysics1984"for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction"
Emilio Gino SegrèPhysics1959"for their discovery of the antiproton"
World Food Programme (WFP)Peace2020"for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict"

National Parks#