Austria: Geography#

LocationCentral Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia
Geographic Coordinates47 20 N, 13 20 E 47.333332,13.333333
Area total: 83,871 sq km
land: 82,445 sq km
water: 1,426 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 2,524 km
border countries: Czech Republic 402 km, Germany 801 km, Hungary 321 km, Italy 404 km, Liechtenstein 34 km, Slovakia 105 km, Slovenia 299 km, Switzerland 158 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m
highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Grossglockner 3798 m; Wildspitze 3772 m; Weisskugel 3739 m; Grossvenediger 3674 m; Similaun 3606 m
According to Geonames: Großglockner 3798 m; Wildspitze 3774 m; Palla Bianca 3738 m; Großvenediger 3662 m; Ramolkogel 3550 m

Attempted Explanation:
The mountains ranked 1 and 2 are undisputed. Both have secondary peaks (Kleinglockner, Southern Wildspitze) with both 3770 m but are usually no considered separate mountains. Hence Weisskugel (whose Italian name is Palla Bianca and can be counted to Austria or Italy, since the peak is at the border) and Großvenediger are rank 3 and 4. Rank 5 is wrong in both lists, since Hinterer Brochkogel (3628) and Hintere Schwärze (3624) are a bit higher than Similaun, the lowest Austrian peak above 3600m.
Important Mountains
Terrainin the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
Natural Hazardslandslides; avalanches; earthquakes
Natural Resourceoil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 16.25%
permanent crops: 0.77%
other: 82.98% (2011)
Climatetemperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
Irrigated Land1,170 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources77.7 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessome forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesVienna; Graz; Linz; Salzburg; Innsbruck
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere
Important Rivers
Important Lakes