Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy.

After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia.

  • The largest river in Australia is Murray River which is 2380 km.
  • The largest export partner of Australia is China.
  • The largest import partner of Australia is China.
  • There are 221 seaports in Australia.

Surprising facts about Nobel Prize winners#

  • Australia is among the countries with 10 or more Nobel Prize winners born in Australia but did not get one in “literature”, “peace”, “economics”,
  • Australia has 10 Noble Prize winners born in Australia but there was a gap of 30 years between two Nobel prize winners in the year 1945 to 1915.
  • Australia is a country with the person William Lawrence Bragg born in Australia who got the Nobel Prize at the young age of 25 years.

Tourist Attraction#

Australia's Aborigines believe their ancestors formed massive Ayers Rock, or Uluru.

Boab Tree, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Boab Tree
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC

National Facts#

  • The national bird of Australia is Emu.
  • Golden Wattle is the national flower of Australia
  • The famous dance of Australia is Bush dance.


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from