Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954.

In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy.

Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1975.

Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world, and, in 2011, it had the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies.

By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with all nations.

Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.

  • Vietnam has largest boundary with Laos which is approximately 2130 km.
  • Vietnam has shortest boundary with Cambodia which is approximately 1228 km.
  • The largest river in Vietnam is Mekong which is 4350 km.
  • The largest export partner of Vietnam is US.
  • The largest import partner of Vietnam is China.
  • There are 63 seaports in Vietnam.

Surprising facts about Nobel Prize winners#

  • Vietnam has only 1 Nobel Prize winner Le Duc Tho. (Counting winners if born in Vietnam)

Tourist Attraction#

Cyclists glide past an architectural legacy of French colonialism in Hanoi.

National Facts#

  • The famous dishes of Vietnam are Phở, Gỏi cuốn, Bánh mì.
Pho, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC