Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.

Its capital Damascus is among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

It gained independence as a parliamentary republic on 24 October 1945 when Syria became a founding member of the United Nations, an act which legally ended the former French Mandate – although French troops did not leave the country until April 1946.

  • Syria has largest boundary with Turkey which is approximately 822 km.
  • Syria has shortest boundary with Israel which is approximately 76 km.
  • The largest river in Syria is Euphrates which is 2800 km.
  • The largest export partner of Syria is Iraq.
  • The largest import partner of Syria is Saudi.
  • There are 5 seaports in Syria.

Tourist Attraction#

Hidden in the desert, Palmyra is one of the world's most well preserved historic sites.

National Facts#

  • The national dances of Syria are Dabke, Khigga etc.
  • The famous dishes of Syria is Kibbeh.
Kibbeh, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC