Syria: Geography#

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Geographic Coordinates35 00 N, 38 00 E 35.0,38.0
Area total: 185,180 sq km
land: 183,630 sq km
water: 1,550 sq km
note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 2,253 km
border countries: Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km
Coastline193 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m
Highest MountainsAs there is no entry in Wolfram we are listing mountain list of Geonames only:
According to Geonames: Jabal ad Duruz 1800 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to
Terrainprimarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Natural Hazardsdust storms, sandstorms volcanism: Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries
Natural Resourcepetroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 24.9%
permanent crops: 5.69%
other: 69.41% (2011)
Climatemostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Irrigated Land13,410 sq km (2010)
Renewable Water Resources16.8 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Large CitiesAleppo; Damascus; Hims; Hamah; al-Ladhiqiyah
Aleppo; Damascus; Homs; Hamah; Latakia
[List Verified]
Explanation: "The arabic version of Latakia is al-Ladhiqiyah"
Important Cities
Geography-notethe capital of Damascus - located at an oasis fed by the Barada River - is thought to be one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities; there are 41 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (2010 est.)