Papua New Guinea: Geography#

LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Geographic Coordinates6 00 S, 147 00 E -6.0,147.0
Area total: 462,840 sq km
land: 452,860 sq km
water: 9,980 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 820 km
border countries: Indonesia 820 km
Coastline5,152 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Highest Mountains Mount Wilhelm 4509 m; Mount Giluwe 4367 m; Mount Bangeta 4121 m; Mount Victoria 4038 m; Mount Albert Edward 3990 m
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Important Mountains
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Natural Hazardsactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis volcanism: severe volcanic activity; Ulawun (elev. 2,334 m), one of Papua New Guinea's potentially most dangerous volcanoes, has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Rabaul (elev. 688 m) destroyed the city of Rabaul in 1937 and 1994; Lamington erupted in 1951 killing 3,000 people; Manam's 2004 eruption forced the island's abandonment; other historically active volcanoes include Bam, Bagana, Garbuna, Karkar, Langila, Lolobau, Long Island, Pago, St. Andrew Strait, Victory, and Waiowa
Natural Resourcegold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Land Usearable land: 0.65%
permanent crops: 1.51%
other: 97.84% (2011)
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Irrigated Land0 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources801 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesrain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesPort Moresby; Lae; Arawa; Mount Hagen; Popondetta
Important Cities
Geography-noteshares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Important Lakes