Kazakhstan: Communication#

Telephones - fixed linestotal subscriptions: 4,143,100
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (July 2015 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellulartotal: 31.39 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 173 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: inherited an outdated telecommunications network from the Soviet era requiring modernization
domestic: intercity by landline and microwave radio relay; number of fixed-line connections is inadequate; mobile-cellular usage has increased rapidly and the subscriber base now exceeds 170 per 100 persons
international: country code - 7; international traffic with other former Soviet republics and China carried by landline and microwave radio relay and with other countries by satellite and by the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable; satellite earth stations - 2 Int (2015)
Broadcast mediastate owns nearly all radio and TV transmission facilities and operates national TV and radio networks; nearly all nationwide TV networks are wholly or partly owned by the government; some former state-owned media outlets have been privatized; households (2015)
Internet country code.kz
Internet userstotal: 13.23 million
percent of population: 72.9% (July 2015 est.)