It is the largest island country in the world by the number of islands, with more than fourteen thousand islands.

Indonesia has an estimated population of over 255 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority country.

The world's most populous island of Java contains more than half of the country's population.

The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India.

The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are the Javanese.

  • Indonesia has largest boundary with Malaysia which is approximately 1782 km.
  • Indonesia has shortest boundary with Timor which is approximately 228 km.
  • The largest river in Indonesia is Kapuas River which is 1140 km.
  • The largest export partner of Indonesia is Japan.
  • The largest import partner of Indonesia is China.
  • There are 218 seaports in Indonesia.

Special facts about Nobel Prize winners#

  • Indonesia has only 1 Nobel Prize winner Willem Einthoven. (Counting winners if born in Indonesia)

Tourist Attraction#

Stupas at Borobudur, the world's largest Buddhist temple, overlook Java's jungles.

National Facts#

  • The national bird of Indonesia is Javan hawk-eagle.
  • Indonesia adopted the 3 flowers on June 5, 1990
    1. Melati
    2. Moon Orchid
    3. Rafflesia
  • The famous dishes of Indonesia are Tumpeng, Sate, Soto, Nasi goren etc.
Javan hawk, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Javan hawk
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC
  2. Text about flowers is taken from