Georgia: Geography#

LocationSouthwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with a sliver of land north of the Caucasus extending into Europe; note - Georgia views itself as part of Europe
Geographic Coordinates42 00 N, 43 30 E 42.0,43.5
Area total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 1,814 km
border countries: Armenia 219 km, Azerbaijan 428 km, Russia 894 km, Turkey 273 km
Coastline310 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m
Highest MountainsAs there is no entry in Wolfram we are listing mountain list of Geonames only:
According to Geonames: Gora Shkhara 5068 m; Gora Dzhangitau 5058 m; Gora Kazbek 5033 m; Gora Gistola 4859 m; Mta Tetnuldi 4852 m

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Terrainlargely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
Natural Hazardsearthquakes
Natural Resourcetimber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Land Usearable land: 5.94%
permanent crops: 1.65%
other: 92.41% (2011)
Climatewarm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
Irrigated Land4,328 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources63.33 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Batumi; Rustavi; Sukhumi
According to Geonames: Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Batumi; Sokhumi; Zugdidi

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Important Cities
Geography-notestrategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them
Important Lakes