China is the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.

China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, with the second-largest defence budget.

The Republic of China (ROC) overthrew the last dynasty in 1911, and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. After World War II, the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to its present capital of Taipei.

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies.

As of 2014, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal total GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).

  • China has largest boundary with Mongolia which is approximately 4677 km.
  • The largest river in China is Yangtze which is 6300 km.
  • The largest export partner of China is Hong kong.
  • The largest import partner of China is South korea.
  • There are 401 seaports in China.

Surprising facts about Nobel Prize winners#

  • There are 12 China-born Nobel Prize winners, but there is no China-born Nobel Prize winner in economics.
  • There are 12 China born Nobel Prize winners but there was a gap of 32 years (1957-1989) between two awards.
  • Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee is a China born Nobel Prize winner who got the Nobel Prize quite early, at the age of 31 years.
  • Of the 12 China born Nobel Prize winners 11 are still alive today.

Tourist Attraction#

The Great Wall's ramparts of brick and stone twist through mountains north of Beijing.

National Facts#

  • The national fruit of China are Fuzzy kiwifruit, jujube.
  • The national birds of China are Red-crowned crane, Eurasian tree sparrow.
  • Plum Blossom is the national flower of China.

Plum Blossom, Foto source: PixaBay
Plum Blossom
Foto source: PixaBay
Red-crowned crane, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Red-crowned crane
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC.