Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon).

In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.

For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and Burma's myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars.

The income gap in Myanmar is among the widest in the world, as a large proportion of the economy is controlled by supporters of the former military government.

The country's 2014 census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded.

Myanmar became an independent nation in 1948, initially as a democratic nation and then, following a coup d'├ętat in 1962, a military dictatorship. While the military dictatorship formally ended in 2011, most of the party leaders are former military officers.

As of 2013, according to the Human Development Index (HDI), Myanmar had a low level of human development, ranking 150 out of 187 countries.

  • Burma has largest boundary with China which is approximately 2185 km.
  • Burma has shortest boundary with Bangladesh which is approximately 193 km.
  • The largest river in Burma is Mekong which is 4350 km.
  • The largest export partner of Burma is Thailand.
  • The largest import partner of Burma is China.


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burma unter CC.