Uruguay: People & Society#

Population3,351,016 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan
Ethnic groupswhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
LanguagesSpanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)
Demographic profileUruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly. In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.
Age structure0-14 years: 20.44% (male 348,547/female 336,435)
15-24 years: 15.78% (male 267,848/female 260,990)
25-54 years: 39.23% (male 649,702/female 664,933)
55-64 years: 10.41% (male 164,201/female 184,784)
65 years and over: 14.13% (male 189,197/female 284,379) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 55.9%
youth dependency ratio: 33.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5%
potential support ratio: 4.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 34.7 years
male: 33 years
female: 36.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.27% (2016 est.)
Birth rate13 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo
Urbanizationurban population: 95.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.53% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.707 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.2 years
male: 74.1 years
female: 80.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.81 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures8.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.74 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.9% of population
total: 99.7% of population
urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.1% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.6% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 96.4% of population
urban: 3.4% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.48% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS10,100 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.6% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.5% (2011)
Education expenditures4.4% of GDP (2011)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 51,879
percentage: 7% (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 19.2%
male: 15.8%
female: 24% (2013 est.)