Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821.

Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s.

  • Nicaragua has largest boundary with Honduras which is approximately 922 km.
  • Nicaragua has shortest boundary with Costa Rica which is approximately 309 km.
  • The largest river in Nicaragua is Coco which is 780 km.
  • The largest export partner of Nicaragua is US.
  • The largest import partner of Nicaragua is US.
  • There are 8 seaports in Nicaragua.

Tourist Attraction#

Nicaragua's remote Miskito Cays were once a popular pirate hideout.

National Facts#

  • The national bird of Nicaragua is Turquoise-browed motmot.
  • The famous dance of Nicaragua is Danza del Mestizaje.
  • The famous dish of Nicaragua are Gallo pinto and Churrasco.

Turquoise-browed motmot, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Turquoise-browed motmot
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC