From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the U.S.-backed government and leftist rebels, which included massacres of the Mayan population perpetrated by the military.

A representative democracy, Guatemala's capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

  • Guatemala has largest boundary with Mexico which is approximately 962 km.
  • Guatemala has shortest boundary with El Salvador which is approximately 203 km.
  • The largest river in Guatemala is Motagua which is 490 km.
  • The largest export partner of Guatemala is US.
  • The largest import partner of Guatemala is US.
  • There are 5 seaports in Guatemala.

Special facts about Nobel Prize winners#

Rigoberta Menchú Tum is a Guatemala born Nobel Prize winner who got the Nobel Prize quite early, at the age of 33 years.

Tourist Attraction#

Tourists climb Pyramid II to reach the Temple of the Masks in the Maya city of Tikal.

National Facts#

  • The famous dance of Guatemala is Punta.
  • The famous dishe of Guatemala is Fiambre.


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC