The capital city is Quito, while the largest city is Guayaquil.

In reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage, the historical center of Quito was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978.

  • Ecuador has largest boundary with Peru which is approximately 1420 km.
  • Ecuador has shortest boundary with Colombia which is approximately 590 km.
  • The largest river in Ecuador is Içá which is 1570 km.
  • The largest export partner of Ecuador is US.
  • The largest import partner of Ecuador is US.
  • There are 13 seaports in Ecuador.

Tourist Attraction#

A sea lion emerges onto a beach in the Galápagos, home to evolutionarily unique animals.

National Facts#

  • The national bird of Ecuador is Andean condor.
  • Rose is the national flower of Ecuador.
  • The famous dance of Ecuador is Sanjuanito.
  • The famous dishes of Ecuador are Encebollado, Fritada, Guatitas, Ceviche etc.

Andean condor, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Andean condor
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC