Chile: People & Society#

Population17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.84% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 20.7% (male 1,834,247/female 1,760,315)
15-24 years: 16.3% (male 1,442,610/female 1,383,738)
25-54 years: 43.2% (male 3,733,261/female 3,766,912)
55-64 years: 9.9% (male 806,044/female 910,818)
65 years and over: 9.7% (male 720,681/female 1,005,268) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate13.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.44 years
male: 75.42 years
female: 81.59 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 98.5% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chilean(s)
adjective: Chilean
Net migration rate0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate1.84 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS38,700 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 33.3 years
male: 32.2 years
female: 34.6 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)
Education expenditures4.5% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 89% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 90.1% of population
total: 98.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 9.9% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 89.4% of population
total: 98.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 10.6% of population
total: 1.3% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 865,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.5% (2008)
Health expenditures7.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.3%
male: 14.3%
female: 19.1% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 82,882
percentage: 3 % (2003 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.7 (2004 est.)
Demographic profileChile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.
Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.
Contraceptive prevalence rate64.2%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45 %
youth dependency ratio: 30.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 14.5 %
potential support ratio: 6.9 (2013)