Somalia: Geography#

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Geographic Coordinates10 00 N, 49 00 E 10.0,49.0
Area total: 637,657 sq km
land: 627,337 sq km
water: 10,320 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 2,340 km
border countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km
Coastline3,025 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m
Highest MountainsAs there is no entry in Wolfram we are listing mountain list of Geonames only:
According to Geonames: Shimbiris 2414 m; Xaubub 2380 m; Surud Cad 2370 m; Waraq 2361 m; Jilin 2246 m

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Terrainmostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north
Natural Hazardsrecurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season
Natural Resourceuranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves
Land Usearable land: 1.73%
permanent crops: 0.05%
other: 98.23% (2011)
Climateprincipally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Irrigated Land2,000 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources14.7 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesfamine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mogadishu; Hargeysa; Marka; Berbera; Kismayo
According to Geonames: Mogadishu; Hargeysa; Berbera; Kismayo; Marka

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Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal