Seychelles: People & Society#

Population93,186 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
adjective: Seychellois
Ethnic groupsmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
LanguagesSeychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)
Demographic profileSeychelles has no indigenous population and was first permanently settled by a small group of French planters, African slaves, and South Indians in 1770. Seychelles’ modern population is composed of the descendants of French and later British settlers, Africans, and Indian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern traders and is concentrated on three of its 155 islands – the vast majority on Mahe and lesser numbers on Praslin and La Digue. Seychelles’ population grew rapidly during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to natural increase, but the pace has slowed because of fertility decline. The total fertility rate dropped sharply from 4.0 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 in 2015, mainly as a result of a family planning program, free education and health care, and increased female labor force participation. Life expectancy has increased steadily, but women on average live 9 years longer than men, a difference that is higher than that typical of developed countries. The combination of reduced fertility and increased longevity has resulted in an aging population, which will put pressure on the government’s provision of pensions and health care. Seychelles’ sustained investment in social welfare services, such as free primary health care and education up to the post-secondary level, have enabled the country to achieve a high human development index score – among the highest in Africa. Despite some of its health and education indicators being nearly on par with Western countries, Seychelles has a high level of income inequality. An increasing number of migrant workers – mainly young men – have been coming to Seychelles in recent years to work in the construction and tourism industries. As of 2011, foreign workers made up nearly a quarter of the workforce. Indians are the largest non-Seychellois population – representing half of the country’s foreigners – followed by Malagasy.
Age structure0-14 years: 20.19% (male 9,650/female 9,164)
15-24 years: 13.58% (male 6,641/female 6,016)
25-54 years: 49.36% (male 24,335/female 21,660)
55-64 years: 9.36% (male 4,483/female 4,235)
65 years and over: 7.51% (male 2,763/female 4,239) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.5%
youth dependency ratio: 33.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 9.9%
potential support ratio: 10.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 34.9 years
male: 34.4 years
female: 35.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.8% (2016 est.)
Birth rate13.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationVICTORIA (capital) 26,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.7 years
male: 70.2 years
female: 79.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.86 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures3.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.07 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.7% of population
rural: 95.7% of population
total: 95.7% of population
urban: 4.3% of population
rural: 4.3% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 98.4% of population
total: 98.4% of population
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 1.6% of population
total: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.9% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.6% (2012)
Education expenditures3.6% of GDP (2011)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.8%
male: 91.4%
female: 92.3% (2012 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11%
male: 8.4%
female: 14.2% (2011 est.)