Morocco: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Kingdom of Morocco
conventional short form: Morocco
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
local short form: Al Maghrib

note: the English name "Morocco" derives from, respectively, the Spanish and Portuguese names "Marruecos" and "Marrocos," which stem from "Marrakesh" the Latin name for the former capital of ancient Morocco; the Arabic name "Al Maghrib" translates as "The West"
Government typeparliamentary constitutional monarchy
CapitalRabat Rabat
geographic coordinates: 34 01 N, 6 49 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1 hr, begins last Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in September
Administrative divisions11 regions (recognized); Beni Mellal-Khenifra, Casablanca-Settat, Draa-Tafilalet, Fes-Meknes, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra, Oriental, Marrakech-Safi, Rabat-Sale-Kenitra, Souss-Massa, Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
note: Morocco claims the territory of Western Sahara, the political status of which is considered undetermined by the US Government; portions of the regions Guelmim-Oued Noun and Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra as claimed by Morocco lie within Western Sahara; Morocco also claims a 12th region, Dakhla-Oued ed Dahab, that falls entirely within Western Sahara
Independence2 March 1956 (from France)
National holidayThrone Day (accession of King MOHAMMED VI to the throne), 30 July (1999)
Constitutionseveral previous; latest drafted 17 June 2011, approved by referendum 1 July 2011; note - sources disagree on whether the 2011 referendum was for a new constitution or for reforms to the previous constitution (2016)
Legal systemmixed legal system of civil law based on French law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts by Constitutional Court
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Citizenshipcitizenship by birth: no
citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Morocco; if the father is unknown or stateless, the mother must be a citizen
dual citizenship recognized: yes
residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: King MOHAMMED VI (since 30 July 1999)
head of government: Prime Minister Abdelillah BENKIRANE (since 29 November 2011)
cabinet: Council of Ministers chosen by the prime minister in consultation with Parliament and appointed by the monarch
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from the majority party following legislative elections
Legislative branchdescription: bicameral Parliament consists of the Chamber of Advisors (120 seats; members indirectly elected by an electoral college of local councils, professional organizations, and labor unions; members serve 6-year terms) and the Chamber of Representatives (395 seats; 305 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 90 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note - in the national constituency, 60 seats are reserved for women and 30 reserved for those under age 40
elections: Chamber of Advisors - last held on 2 October 2015 (next to be held in fall 2021); Chamber of Representatives - last held on 7 October 2016 (next to be held in fall 2021)
election results: Chamber of Advisors- percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - JDP 31.7%, PAM 25.8%, PI 11.7%, RNI 9.4%, MP 6.8%, USFP 5.1%, UC 4.8%, PPS 3.0%, MDS 0.8%, other 1.0%; seats by party - PJD 125, PAM 102, PI 46, RNI 37, MP 27, USFP 20, UC 19, PPS 12, MDS 3, other 4
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court or Court of Cassation (consists of 5-judge panels organized into civil, family matters, commercial, administrative, social, and criminal sections); Constitutional Court (consists of 12 members)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the Superior Council of Judicial Power, a 20-member body presided by the monarch and including the Supreme Court president, the prosecutor general, representatives of the appeals and first instance courts - among them 1 woman magistrate, the president of the National Council of the Rights of Man, and 5 "notable persons" appointed by the monarch; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court members - 6 designated by the monarch and 6 elected by Parliament; court president appointed by the monarch from among the court members; members serve 9-year non-renewable terms
subordinate courts: courts of appeal; High Court of Justice; administrative and commercial courts; regional and sadad courts (for religious, civil and administrative, and penal adjudication); first instance courts
Political parties and leadersAction Party or PA (Mohammed EL IDRISSI)
Amal (hope) Party (Mohamed BANI)
An-Nahj Ad-Dimocrati or An-Nahj (Mustapha BRAHMA)
Authenticity and Modernity Party or PAM (Ilyas EL OMARI)
Constitutional Union Party or UC (Mohamed SAJID)
Democratic and Social Movement or MDS (Abdessamad ARCHANE)
Democratic Forces Front or FFD (Mustapha BENALI)
Democratic Oath Party or SD
Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party or PADS (Abderrahman BENAMROU)
Democratic Society Party (Zhour CHAKKAFI)
Environment and Development Party or PED (Karim HRITAN)
Green Left Party (Mohamed FARES)
Istiqlal (Independence) Party or PI (Hamid CHABAT)
Ittihadi National Congress or CNI (Abdesalam EL AZIZ)
Labor Party or PT
Moroccan Liberal Party or PML (Mohammed ZIANE)
Moroccan Union for Democracy or UMD (Jamal MANDRI)
National Rally of Independents or RNI (Aziz AKHANNOUCH)
Neo-Democrats Party (Mohamed DARIF)
Party of Development Reform or PRD (Abderrahmane EL KOHEN)
Party of Justice and Development or PJD (Abdelillah BENKIRANE)
Party of Liberty and Social Justice (Miloud MOUSSAOUI)
Popular Movement or MP (Mohand LAENSER)
Progress and Socialism Party or PPS (Nabil BENABDELLAH)
Renaissance and Virtue Party (Mohamed KHALIDI)
Renaissance Party (Said EL GHENNIOUI)
Renewal and Equity Party or PRE (Chakir ACHEHABAR)
Shoura (consultation) and Istiqlal Party (Ahmed BELGHAZI)
Social Center Party or PCS (Lahcen MADIH)
Socialist Party (Abdelmajid BOUZOUBAA)
Socialist Union of Popular Forces or USFP (Driss LACHGAR)
Unified Socialist Party or GSU (Nabila MOUNIB)
Unity and Democracy Party (Ahmed FITRI)
Political pressure groups and leadersDemocratic Confederation of Labor or CDT (Noubir EL AMAOUI)
General Union of Moroccan Workers or UGTM (Mohamed KAFI CHERRAT)
Justice and Charity Organization or JCO (Mohammed ben Abdesslam ABBADI)
Moroccan Employers Association or CGEM (Miriem BENSALAH-CHAQROUN)
National Labor Union of Morocco or UNMT (Mohamed YATIM)
Union of Moroccan Workers or UMT (Miloudi EL MOUKHARIK)
International organization participationABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club (associate), PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Mohammed Rachad BOUHLAL (since 22 December 2011)
chancery: 1601 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: (1) (202) 462-7979
FAX: (1) (202) 462-7643
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Dwight L. BUSH, Sr. (since 8 April 2014)
embassy: Km 5.7 Avenue Mohammed VI, Souissi, Rabat 10170
mailing address: Unit 9400, Box Front Office, DPO, AE 09718
telephone: (212) 537 637 200
FAX: (212) 537 637 201
consulate(s) general: Casablanca
Flag descriptionred with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known as Sulayman's (Solomon's) seal in the center of the flag; red and green are traditional colors in Arab flags, although the use of red is more commonly associated with the Arab states of the Persian Gulf; the pentacle represents the five pillars of Islam and signifies the association between God and the nation; design dates to 1912
National symbol(s)pentacle symbol, lion; national colors: red, green
National anthemname: "Hymne Cherifien" (Hymn of the Sharif)
lyrics/music: Ali Squalli HOUSSAINI/Leo MORGAN

note: music adopted 1956, lyrics adopted 1970