Chad: Geography#

LocationCentral Africa, south of Libya
Geographic Coordinates15 00 N, 19 00 E 15.0,19.0
Area total: 1.284 million sq km
land: 1,259,200 sq km
water: 24,800 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 6,406 km
border countries: Cameroon 1,116 km, Central African Republic 1,556 km, Libya 1,050 km, Niger 1,196 km, Nigeria 85 km, Sudan 1,403 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Djourab 160 m
highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Emi Koussi 3415 m; Tousside 3315 m; Tarso Voon 3100 m; Tarso Toh 2000 m
According to Geonames: Emi Koussi 3415 m; Binim 1360 m; Silagni 1236 m; Nikou 1230 m; Diouga 1210 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to
Terrainbroad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
Natural Hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues
Natural Resourcepetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Land Usearable land: 3.82%
permanent crops: 0.02%
other: 96.16% (2011)
Climatetropical in south, desert in north
Irrigated Land302.7 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources43 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesinadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Large CitiesNDjamena; Moundou; Sarh; Abeche; Kelo
Important Cities
Geography-note<i><b>note 1:</b> </i>Chad is largest of Africa's 16 landlocked countries<br /><i><b>note 2:</b> </i>not long ago - geologically speaking - what is today the Sahara was green savanah teeming with wildlife; during the African Humid Period, roughly 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, a vibrant animal community, including elephants, giraffes, hippos, and antelope lived there; the last remnant of the "Green Sahara" exists in the Lakes of Ounianga (oo-nee-ahn-ga) in northern Chad, a series of 18 interconnected freshwater, saline, and hypersaline lakes now protected as a World Heritage site<br /><i><b>note 3:</b> </i>Lake Chad, the most significant water body in the Sahel, is a remnant of a former inland sea, paleolake Mega-Chad; at its greatest extent, sometime before 5000 B.C., Lake Mega-Chad was the largest of four Saharan paleolakes that existed during the African Humid Period; it covered an area of about 400,000 sq km (150,000 sq mi), i.e., roughly the size of today's Caspian Sea
Important Lakes