Netherlands: Geography#

LocationWestern Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Geographic Coordinates52 30 N, 5 45 E 52.5,5.75
Area total: 41,543 sq km
land: 33,893 sq km
water: 7,650 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 41543
DBpedia: 41541
Geoname: 41526
Infoplease: 41526
Britannica: 41850
Wolfram: 41543

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to
Land boundariestotal: 1,027 km
border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km
Coastline451 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m
highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)
note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Natural Hazardsflooding
Natural Resourcenatural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Land Usearable land: 25.08%
permanent crops: 0.88%
other: 74.04% (2011)
Climatetemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Irrigated Land4,572 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources91 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueswater pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesAmsterdam; Rotterdam; The Hague; Utrecht; Eindhoven
Important Cities
Geography-notelocated at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Important Rivers
Important Lakes