During the 17th and 18th centuries, Austria was able to retain its position as one of the great powers of Europe and, in response to the coronation of Napoleon as the Emperor of the French, the Austrian Empire was officially proclaimed in 1804.

Austria's defeat by Prussia at the Battle of Königgrätz, during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 cleared the way for Prussia to assert control over the rest of Germany. In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary.

After the defeat of France in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, Austria was left out of the formation of a new German Empire, although in the following decades its politics, and its foreign policy, increasingly converged with those of the Prussian-led Empire.

During the 1914 July Crisis that followed the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Germany guided Austria in issuing the ultimatum to Serbia that led to the declaration of World War I.

After the collapse of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the end of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German-Austria (Deutschösterreich, later Österreich) in an attempt for union with Germany, but was forbidden due to the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919).

The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919.

In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany.

This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies and Austria's former democratic constitution was restored.

In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupatio

Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $52,216 (2014 est.).
The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna.

  • The largest river is Danube which is 2850 km long.
  • The biggest export partner of Austria is Germany.
  • Besides other European countries, it exports to United States.
  • The biggest import partner of Austria is Germany.
  • There are 4 seaports in Austria
  • The dominating religion is Roman Catholic.
  • Austria is a landlocked country
  • Austria has the largest boundary with Germany which is approximately 784 km long.
  • Austria has the smallest boundary with Liechtenstein which is approximately 34 km long.

Surprising facts about Nobel Prize winners#

  • Austria has 17 Nobel Prize Winners (born in Austria).
  • Austria is a country with the person “Karl von Frisch” (born in Austria) who got the Nobel Prize at the old age of 87 years.

Tourist Attraction#

Ice Cave in Salzburg, Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC
Ice Cave in Salzburg
Foto: source: Wikicommons unter CC

Further Attractions from Google Images

National Facts of Austria#

  • The national fruit of Austria is Apple.
  • The national bird of Austria is Barn swallow.
  • Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum) is the national flower of Austria.
  • The national sport of Austria is Alpine Skiing.
  • The national dance of Austria is Ländler.
Apple, Foto source: PixaBay
Foto source: PixaBay
Edel weise, Foto source: PixaBay
Edel weise
Foto source: PixaBay
Barn swallow, Foto source: PixaBay
Barn swallow
Foto source: PixaBay


  1. Text marked as italic is taken from unter CC